1 critically review article please note a critical review requires you to summarise 3837448
1. Critically review article
· A critical review requires you to summarise and evaluate each paper.
· To be critical does not mean to criticise in a negative way. It requires you to question the given information and view put forth by the author(s). It requires you to evaluate the issues raised in a paper.
· Evaluation means presenting the strengths and weaknesses of a paper.
· Overall, writing a critical review involves analysis and evaluation.
Journal of Cleaner Production 40 (2013) 118e128 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Journal of Cleaner Production journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jclepro Using sustainability reporting to assess the environmental footprint of copper mining a,b a, b * S. Northey , N. Haque , G. Mudd a CSIRO Minerals Down Under Flagship, Bag 312, Clayton South, Vic 3168, Australia b Environmental Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Vic 3168, Australia article info abstract Article history: The energy, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and water intensity, or environmental footprints, of global Received 3 April 2012 primary copper production have been estimated. The primary data have been collected from the Received in revised form sustainability reports published by copper producing mines, operations and companies. The mines 17 September 2012 analysed in this paper are from Australia, Chile, Peru, Argentina, Laos, Papua New Guniea, South Africa, Accepted 20 September 2012 Turkey, Finland, the USA and Canada. The typical range of energy intensity was found to be 10e70 GJ/ Available online 3 October 2012 t Cu, with an average of 22.2 GJ/t Cu. The range of GHG emissions was 1e9tCO -e/t Cu, with an 2 average of 2.6 t CO -e/t Cu. The large variation exists largely due to the form of copper produced, ore 2 Keywords: grade, sources of fuel and electrical energy, and to a lesser extent the reporting methods and Copper procedures used by the companies. The water footprint averages 70.4 kL/t Cu but can range from Embodied energy several kilolitres to up to 350 kL/t Cu. Variation in water intensity is generally due to inconsistencies Greenhouse gases Water in reporting method, the geographical location of the mining operations, limited economies of scale of Life cycle assessment production site, and the climate type (i.e. arid regions in Australia and Chile or temperate to sub- arctic climates in Canada or Finland). It is recommended…